Day 1,: Welcome to Iran!
flight to Mashhad. Arrival at night and transfer to the hotel. At least here you will meet your pishgharavolan tour guide. Two nights in Mashhad.
Day 2, Thursday, 10/01/2015: Mashhad and Toos
Arrive only once and sleep! After a late breakfast we head to the city center, where the most important sanctuary of Shia Islam is on Iranian soil: the splendidly developed Mausoleums complex of Imam Reza, the numerous pilgrims from all over the country attracting (external visit only). In the 18th century Mashhad was temporarily the capital of Persia, as we learn at the Tomb of Nadir Shah, the “Persian Napoleon”. In the afternoon we take a little trip to the tomb of the poet Ferdowsi Toos, where the “Book of Kings” written in the 12th century and today is considered the Persian national poet. The day ends with a leisurely stroll through the bazaar of Mashhad.
Day 3,: On the Silk Road
On a branch of the Silk Road, we go west. First stop: the source sanctuary of Kadamgah. Are the footprints inside the sanctuary of Imam Reza really? The commercial city of Nishapur was one of the largest cities of the East in the early Middle Ages. Here turquoise was promoted, a widely traded commodity on the Silk Road. On the graves of the poet Attar and Omar Khayam we listen to some samples of their work. “Life’s caravan moves with power is gone …” – on the way to dive Bastam roadside repeatedly on old caravanserais that lead us the former importance of this trade route between Central Asia and Europe in mind. 490 km on good roads.
Day 4,: Between mountains and desert
Depth popular piety we experience in Bastam during the visit of the tomb of the revered mystic Bayazid Bastami, the founder of an important Sufi school within Islam. We continue between Elburz Mountains and central Iran salt desert to the west. In Damghan we visit the oldest mosque of Iran and the medieval grave towers of Pir-e Alamdar with their ornamental friezes and inscription bands. Over tea and sweet pastries we raced in a caravanserai from the time of the Safavid and arrive in the afternoon Tehran. 420 km. Two nights.
Day 5,: Tehran
Tehran – a city of contrasts in the shadow snowy four thousand; here meets modernity on tradition. At the National Museum, the millennia of Persian cultural history are tangible. In the afternoon we take a leap in the 1970s: The Shah Although no longer ruled for a long time, but its crown jewels in the National Bank have not lost their luster. <Extratour> Back in the present, we ask ourselves: How the Christian minority living in the Islamic Republic? The pastor of the Protestant community of Tehran, we meet in the late afternoon, giving us information.
Day 6,: Kaswin and sand Chan
What is life like today in Iran? And how is the youth to the rule of the mullahs? On the way from Tehran to Kaswin we have the opportunity for an intensive exchange of ideas. Trade and religion went on the Silk Road, a close connection: In the former caravan city Kaswin we visit the mausoleum of Schazdeh-Hossein and the monumental Grand Friday Mosque. On the way we equip the sublime mausoleum of Oldjeitu with its highly visible turquoise dome (UNESCO cultural monument) a visit. The Mongol Khan was a child of the Silk Road: Christened as a Christian, he later turned to Buddhism, converted to Sunni Islam and eventually became the first ruler of the Shiite Ilkhanidenreiches. Sandy Chan is still considered the Persian Solingen: In ancient Safavid bazaar a great choice is offered handforged blades. 320 km.
Day 7,: From Sand Chan to Tabriz
In folklore museum of sand Chan we learn the circumstances of yesteryear know, in the archaeological museum testify mummies from a salt dome of a mining accident, which occurred near the town of about 1700 years ago. The head of the local Antiquities leads us through the exhibition and provides information on the current state of archeology in Iran. Through mountain valleys and fertile plains, we continue to Tabriz, for centuries one of the most important cities on the Silk Road and Iran still an important economic center. It expect the Azerbaijan Museum and the Blue Mosque, the “Turquoise of Islam”. 300 km.
Day 8,: Kandovan and Lake Urmia
The medieval Silk Road bazaar of Tabriz (UNESCO heritage site) is among the largest of the East, providing an ideal opportunity to immerse yourself in the world of Iranian spices. On Sahandgebirge along we go to Kandovan, which lies in a Cappadocian-style Tufflandschaft. Until recently, people lived here even in cave dwellings. In conversation with a population we know how the lives of the villagers has changed in recent years. On a side trip to Lake Urmia we learn interesting facts about ecology and environmental protection in Iran. Today’s destination is the small town of Maragheh with its medieval towers grave. 160 km away.
Day 9,: Through Wildest Kurdistan
The rough mountain landscape of Kurdistan leads our route today to the Sassanid fire sanctuary Takht-e Suleiman (UNESCO heritage site). Not far away is located at an altitude of about 2000 m, the Iron Age sanctuary Zendan-e Suleiman, the “prison of Solomon”. Through varied landscapes it comes to Hamadan. Many old bridges testify that here passed an important trade route in the past. 450 km. Two nights in Hamadan.
Day 10,: The old Ecbatana
Hamadan, the ancient Ecbatana was once the capital of the Medes. <Extratour> but on the excavation site and later rulers have left their mark: The Achaemenids chose Hamadan to their summer residence, as show us the written in stone “Treasuries” of ancient Persian kings Darius and Xerxes. On the short stay Alexander the Great recalls the stone lion Sang-e Shir. Containing the mausoleum of Esther and Mordechai is also the most important Jewish holy place in Iran in Hamadan. In the afternoon there will be time to explore the bazaar on your own.
Day 11: Due to the Zagros Mountains
Today we cross the Zagros Mountains: Fertile valleys alternate with barren mountain landscapes. On the way we visit the mound Tepe Nusch-e Djan who was crowned at the time of the Medes of a fortress and a temple. We reach Arak after Golpayegan, where we visit the fortified Citadel in Gugad the Bakhtiari mountains. Then it goes on well maintained roads to Isfahan. 510 km. Three nights.
Day 12,: In Isfahan
With its turquoise domes and majestic bridges Isfahan attracts every visitor in his spell. We count the pillars in the garden palace Chehel Sotun and wonder: The so-called 40-column palace has only 20. Why? Your guide knows the answer. From the terrace of Ali Kapu Palace, we have the best view of one of the most beautiful places in the world: the Maidan-e Imam (UNESCO heritage site). Originally planned as a polo field, enclose the space ornate arcades, shops and magnificent buildings. The architectural highlights are the colorful Lotfollah Mosque, and the monumental Emam Mosque. Christian traces we find in the Armenian Quarter, where we visit the Vank Cathedral and the Museum. Our dinner at a specialty restaurant rounds off the day.
Day 13,: Isfahan – relaxed
A quiet day awaits you. In the morning we stroll through the sprawling bazaar to the Friday Mosque of Seljuk (UNESCO Heritage Site), we stroll to the bridges that lie artfully over the often waterless city river Zayandeh. In the afternoon you can go on their own journey of discovery. Visit one of the teahouses. Here one comes in sweet tea quickly into conversation with young Persians.
Day 14,: The caravan moves on
In the famous for its silk carpets Nain town we admire the built in 960 and still active Friday Mosque. In Meybod, bordering the central Iranian desert, witnesses and the old caravanserais Lehmziegelzitadelle of an eventful past. In the afternoon we reach Yazd, the city of the Zoroastrians, an ancient religion that worships the fire. During a tour of the Old Town includes wind towers and historic water fountains. The Friday Mosque is one of the most impressive religious buildings in Iran. If you still feel like an evening program, then you should use the “House of force” in which to pursue the Clubswinger their sport, visit.
Day 15,: On the road to Shiraz
We leave the central Iranian desert and head back into the mountains. Today we reach the absolute trip highlight, at least topographically: the 2630 m high pass in the mountains lions. Under a 4000-year old cypress tree of Abarkuh we rest and look beyond traditional mud huts and ice houses. Then we reach the province of Pars, the ancestral homeland of the Persians. On a barren plain today is at 1900 m altitude Pasargadae (UNESCO Heritage Site), once the sumptuous first capital of the Persian empire, today a vast field of ruins with remains of palaces and gardens of paradise. Good condition is the tomb of the kingdom’s founder Cyrus. Our destination is Shiraz. 450 km. Three nights.
Day 16,: Shiraz – city of poets
Today we take on the weather: the scent of roses follow, we explore Shiraz, the city of Roses, the poet and the Persian paradise gardens (UNESCO heritage site). In the mild climate to thrive not only flower gardens and fruit, no, poetry struck roots here. At the garden tombs of poets Hafez and Saadi are your Studiosus rep a taste of poetry: “Lured by the scent of roses …” <Extratour> Touched we let ourselves be drawn into the hustle and bustle of the old city bazaar. In the Nasir-al-Molk Mosque we discover here, as the love of nature found its artistic expression: floral patterns in varied hues, wherever you look.
Day 17,: The ruins of Persepolis
The last highlight of the trip: Persepolis – residence of the great kings and highlight the ancient Persian culture (UNESCO heritage site). At the entrance, the door of the world, we remember the tolerance of the Persians against the faith and the culture of subjugated peoples. Wherever you look here, archaeological showpieces: the Homakapitell, the reliefs of the Apadana, the 100-pillar hall. Not far away in Nagsch-e Rustam we visit the carved into the rock tombs of the rulers of the Persian Empire. 90 km away. The rest of the day you spend to your liking.
Day 18,: Return
At night, return flight to your country
City Nights Hotel
Mashhad 2 Pars ****
Bastam 1 Tourist Inn ***
Tehran 2 Laleh **** (*)
sanandaj 1 Grand Hotel *** (*)
Tabriz 1 Pars *****
Maragheh 1 Darya ***
Hamadan 2 Baba Taher ***
Isfahan 3 Abbasi *****
Yazd 1 Moshir al-Mamalek ****
Shiraz 3 Pars **** (*)
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